History - 1960s

More than 60 years of contributing to medical care and society

1951 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
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3. Rising to #1 in Japan - 1960s

ICU-80 patient monitor ICU-80 patient monitor
In the decade after its founding, Nihon Kohden grew rapidly. In 1961 Nihon Kohden was listed in the 2nd Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange as its first medical electronic equipment company. Around this time, Nihon Kohden constructed its first company-owned facilities and opened local sales branches around Japan.

By its 15th anniversary in 1966, Nihon Kohden had grown to become a top manufacturer of medical electronic equipment with over 30 sales branches around Japan. In that year the MDA-2, Japan's first battery-powered defibrillator, was introduced. After that, the defibrillator was improved and in terms of domestic market share and export volume, it became our main product and rose to the No. 1 position in Japan.

In 1967, Japan's first ICU monitor, the ICU-80, was installed in the Tohoku University School of Medicine.

"World's Firsts" and other notable products by Nihon Kohden

1960 Polygraph system

RM-150 Multipurpose Polygraph
This early polygraph used numerous vacuum tubes, a bouncing-spot CRT monitor, and an ink or heat-writing recorder. The 1960 model split into two evolutionary paths - an enhanced research model and a clinical model for uses such as cardiac catheterization.

1960 AC-powered micro-electrode amplifier

MZ-3A Micro-electrode Amplifier
This was Japan's first all AC powered micro-electrode amplifier.

1965 Battery powered defibrillator

MDV-1 Defibrillator
Development of the MDV-1, Japan's first battery-powered defibrillator, took years of effort and the support and advice of leading Japanese hospitals. As electronic components became smaller and more sophisticated, this original model gave way to today's compact, portable units.

1965 Battery powered defibrillator

MDA-1 Defibrillator
Whereas the MDV-1 was designed for ventricular defibrillation, the MDA-1 was designed for both atrial and ventricular defibrillation.

1965 Medical data processor

ATAC-501 Medical Data Processing Computer
Built with transistors and diode-based circuitry, this original data processor handled averaging, time histograms, and sequential and non-sequential amplitude histograms. Used in research, it processed electrophysiological signals from electroencephalographs, electromyographs, and electrocardiographs. Later, a dedicated clinical version was developed - the evoked potential measuring system.

1965 Respiratory resistance meter

MRP-5 Respiratory Resistance Meter
This was Japan's first direct-reading respiratory resistance meter.

1967 Electromagnetic blood flowmeter

MF-5 Square Wave Electromagnetic Flowmeter
This second generation flowmeter followed the earlier MF-2 that required severing the blood vessel and inserting a cannula probe. The MF-5 was the first blood flowmeter in Japan that used cuff-type flow probes that significantly reduced exciter-originated artifacts and gave more reliable blood flow data for both large and small blood vessels. This model was further developed into a multi-channel version, paving the way for development of flow probes in a variety of configurations and sizes.

1967 Central monitoring system

ICU-80 Central Alarm and Monitoring System for Intensive Care Units
Nihon Kohden introduced Japan's 1st ICU patient monitoring system. The ICU-80 system monitored patients using a bouncing spot CRT monitor, analog meters, strip-chart recorders, and switches for monitoring each patient's parameters. It was later redesigned for easy waveform and parameter value monitoring with a memory oscilloscope and digital displays. Today's systems are compact and versatile, requiring little maintenance. They offer advanced capabilities such as inter-bed communication, data trending, arrhythmia interpretation, and data storage and recall.